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The Zellners of Birmingham, Alabama, USA and associated families
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Conrad Zellner

Male 1854 - 1900  (46 years)


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  • Name Conrad Zellner 
    Born 1 Jan 1854  Neuhausem, Schaffhausen, Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Birth 1 Jan 1857  Bern, Bern, Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Birth Between 1858 and 1859  Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Emigration USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Name Conrad Zöellner 
    Residence Between 1873 and 1874  6 SW 4th Street between German and Lapeer, East Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Residence 1895  96 Baldwin St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Residence 1898  183 Court St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Residence 1899  178 Court St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Residence 1900  178 Court St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    Occupation 13 Jun 1900  [3, 11
    Elevator Man 
    Reference Number PERS123 
    Residence 13 Jun 1900  97 Baldwin St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    Died 11 Dec 1900  97 Baldwin St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Cause: Tuberculosis 
    Residence 1901  97 Baldwin St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    Buried Fairmount Cemetery, 620 Central Ave., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    Person ID I123  Zellner Genealogy
    Last Modified 4 Dec 2019 

    Father Georg Zöllner,   b. 1812, Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1870  (Age 58 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Elisabeth Moser,   b. 1811, Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship natural 
    Reference Number MARR1280 
    Family ID F191  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Anna M. Eva Bader,   b. Abt 1858, Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1902  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Married 26 May 1877  East Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Divorced 22 Dec 1879  Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Reference Number MARR22156 
    Children 
     1. [Unnamed],   b. 21 Oct 1878, Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1878, Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 4 Dec 2019 
    Family ID F58  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elisabeth Antonia Keller,   b. Jul 1867, Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1939, Essex County Hospital, 125 Fairview Ave., Cedar Grove, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 71 years) 
    Married 11 Sep 1894  First German Reformed Church, aka German Evangelical Protestant Church, aka Third Reformed Church, 60 Mulberry St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 14
    Reference Number MARR162 
    Children 
     1. Elsie Zellner Strack,   b. 15 Jul 1895, 27 Mercer St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 1970  (Age 74 years)  [natural]
    +2. George Joseph Zellner, Sr.,   b. 22 Jun 1898, Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Nov 1961, Toms River, Ocean, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)  [natural]
    Documents
    1900 U.S. Census
    1900 U.S. Census
    NJ, Essex Co., Newark, Ward 3, SD2, ED24, Sheet 15B - Conrad Zellner Family
    Last Modified 4 Dec 2019 
    Family ID F59  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1 Jan 1854 - Neuhausem, Schaffhausen, Switzerland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 1 Jan 1857 - Bern, Bern, Switzerland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBirth - Between 1858 and 1859 - Switzerland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsEmigration - - USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Between 1873 and 1874 - 6 SW 4th Street between German and Lapeer, East Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 26 May 1877 - East Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDivorced - 22 Dec 1879 - Saginaw, Saginaw, Michigan, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 11 Sep 1894 - First German Reformed Church, aka German Evangelical Protestant Church, aka Third Reformed Church, 60 Mulberry St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1895 - 96 Baldwin St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1898 - 183 Court St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1899 - 178 Court St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1900 - 178 Court St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 13 Jun 1900 - 97 Baldwin St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Cause: Tuberculosis - 11 Dec 1900 - 97 Baldwin St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1901 - 97 Baldwin St., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Fairmount Cemetery, 620 Central Ave., Newark, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    U.S. Army Register of Enlistments
    U.S. Army Register of Enlistments
    1887-01-22 Conrad Zellner
    1895 New Jersey State Census
    1895 New Jersey State Census
    Essex, Newark, Ward 3, P. 2, Conrad Zellner Family
    U.S. Army, Register of the Hospital Corps
    U.S. Army, Register of the Hospital Corps
    1892-10-29 Conrad Zellner Discharge
    U.S. Army Register of Enlistments
    U.S. Army Register of Enlistments
    1892-01-22 Conrad Zellner Reenlistment
    1898 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Also Harrison and Kearny, Conrad Zellner
    1898 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Also Harrison and Kearny, Conrad Zellner
    1899 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Also Harrison and Kearny, Conrad Zellner
    1899 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Also Harrison and Kearny, Conrad Zellner
    1900 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Conrad Zellner
    1900 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Conrad Zellner
    1901 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Conrad Zellner
    1901 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Conrad Zellner
    1877-05-26 Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925
    1877-05-26 Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925
    Conrad Zellner & Anna Bader
    U.S. Army Pension File of Conrad Zellner, XC-969730
    U.S. Army Pension File of Conrad Zellner, XC-969730
    Transferred to V.A. Office in Montgomery, Alabama in 1998; will probably stay there until requested elsewhere.

  • Notes 
    • Lived near two Steets families, and Valerian Mager family during the 1900 Census.

      Extracted biography from various sources in Conrad's military pension file and other information:

      According to most of the later records, Conrad Zellner was born January 1, between 1854-1859 in Berne or Neuhausen, Switzerland. His parents were George and Elizabeth Zellner. He emigrated to the U.S. in June 1870, and settled in East Saginaw, Michigan with his brother Paul. He lived and worked there with Paul, who owned a meat market, until Paul's death in 1875. Their sister Lisette married Louis Fuerschbach. Louis had known the Zellner family in Switzerland since about 1866, and was from the same village. Louis states in an affidavit that Conrad was about 12 when they first met, which would suggest that Conrad was born c. 1854. This is one of several discrepancies as to Conrad's birth year. Louis emigrated in 1869. Louis and Lisette did not see Conrad from 1870 until he came to live with them for a short time in 1892.

      Conrad married Anna M. Eva Bader in East Saginaw, Michigan on May 26, 1877. They were married by Conrad Volz, a Lutheran minister. Anna was born in Detroit, Michigan c. 1858. The marriage record lists Conrad's age as 23 at the time of the wedding, which would make him a few years older than the later records indicate. The marriage lasted less than two years; they were divorced in Michigan on December 22, 1879. She sued him for divorce on grounds of "extreme cruelty."

      ********************

      Contents of the divorce file:

      Bill for Divorce filed 12 June 1879

      STATE OF MICHIGAN: To the Circuit Court for the County of Saginaw: In Chancery.

      Your oratrix, Annie Zellner of East Saginaw in the County of Saginaw and State of Michigan, respectfully shows unto the Court, that on or about the 27" day of May, in the year 1877, your oratrix intermarried with one Conrad Zellner, at the City of East Saginaw in the County of Saginaw in the State of Michigan, and that said parties lived and cohabited together, as husband and wife, from such time until on or about September the year A.D. 1878.

      And your oratrix further shows unto the Court, that she has resided in this State since said marriage with said defendant for a period of one year and upwards, and that she now resides in, and is an inhabitant of this County and State.

      And your oratrix further shows unto the Court, that during the time said parties so lived and cohabited together as husband and wife, and up to this, the time of exhibiting this her Bill of Complaint, the said Annie bore unto the said Conrad no child or children who are now living.

      And your oratrix further shows unto the Court, that the said Conrad Zellner disregarding the solemnity of his marriage vow, soon after his said marriage with your oratrix as aforesaid commenced a course of cruel treatment toward your oratrix causing her great pain disgrace and mortal agony.

      Your oratrix represents that she has been caused to suffer great mental anguish by the conduct of said Conrad in this towit. That when your oratrix was married as aforesaid she possessed of her own property One Hundred Dollars in money That said Conrad persuaded your oratrix to let him take fifty dollars of said money to put in the Bank for safe Keeping. That said defendant obtained the possetion of said fifty dollars and instead of placing it in the Bank for safe keeping Squandered and spent the same for his own use. That said defendant was a Butcher by trade, a healthy and able bodied man, but became a tipter spending his money for spirituous drink and neglecting your oratrix. That on or about the month of August 1877 Said defendant stole from Fred Hubert in the City of East Saginaw some beef tongues and then sold them for spirituous drinks at Bowmans Saloon. Causing said defendant to be arrested for the crime of Larceny bringing Molification of feelings and disgrace upon your oratrix. That in the summer of 1877 a few months after said marriage your oratrix and said defendant was living and making it their home with Tony Hammer your oratrix brother inlaw, when said defendant learned that said Tony Hanner kept some money in a Bureau in his said dwelling house, and that said defendant to further disgrace your oratrix stole five Dollars of her brotherinlaws said money from said bureau. That afterwards at Bay City - Michigan on or about April 1878 said Defendant stole some sausage and was therefor convicted of stealing the same and imprisoned in the Bay County Jail for larceny for the space of thirty days, leaving your oratrix during said time without any means of support except such as she obtained by her own personal labor, and the aid of her Mother. That not being in any way reformed by said imprisonment said defendant on or about August AD 1878 at Tuscola Co Michigan stole a Cow and was convicted of Grand Larceny and sentenced to hard labor in Ionia House of Correction for the space of one year, and that said defendant is now serving out said sentence. That to make your oratrix condition more unbearable. That when said defendant was last aforesaid convicted of Grand Larceny, your oratrix was encient and gave birth to a child six weeks after said defendants said last sentence and conviction and that said child died at birth.

      And your oratrix positively avers that the act done and cause of divorce charged in this Bill of Complaint, for which divorce is sought, were committed without the consent, connivance, privity or procurement of your oratrix and that such bill is not founded on, or exhibited in consequence of any collusion, agreement or understanding whatever, between the parties thereto, or between your oratrix and any other person.

      In consideration whereof, and to the end, therefore, that the said Conrad Zellner the defendant hereinbefore named, if he can show why your oratrix should not have the relief hereby prayed, may without oath, (his answer on oath being hereby expressly waived,) and according to the best and utmost of his knowledge, remembrance, information and belief, full true direct and perfect answers make to all and singular the matters hereinbefore stated and charged as fully and particularly sentence by sentence, paragraph by paragraph as if the same was again repeated and thereunto again particularly interrogated and that this marriage between your oratrix and this said Conrad Zellner may be dissolved and a divorce from the bonds of matrimony decreed according to the statute in such case made and provided and that your oratrix have such further relief in the premises as shall be agreeable to equity and good conscience.

      May it please the Court, the premises being considered, to grant unto your oratrix the most gracious Writ of Subpoena of the People of the State of Michigan, to be issued out of and under the Seal of this honorable Court, to be directed to the said Conrad Zellner therein and thereby commanding him on a certain day, and under a certain penalty, to be therein inserted, personally to be and appear before this honorable Court, then and there to answer all and singular the said premises, and to stand to and abide and perform such Order and Decree therein, as shall be agreeable to equity and good conscience. And your oratrix will ever pray, etc.

      [signed] Anna Zellner

      [signed] B L Rausford
      Solicitor for Complainant, and of Counsel

      STATE OF MICHIGAN, County of Saginaw

      On this 6th day of June AD. 1879, before me personally came the above named Annie Zellner and made oath that she has heard read the foregoing Bill of Complaint by her subscribed, and knows the contents thereof, and that the same is true of her own knowledge, except as to the matters which are therein stated to be on her information or belief, and as to those matters she believes it to be true.

      [signed] Henry M. Newton
      Notary Public

      --------------------

      Testimony & Report filed 22 December 1879 in the Circuit Court for Saginaw County, Michigan

      In the Circuit Court for the County of Saginaw Michigan In chancery.

      Anna Zellner
      Complt

      vs

      Conrad Zellner
      Defdt

      Testimony of witnesses produced and sworn on the part of the Complainant in the above cause before me FredK Anneke one of the Circuit Court Commissioners for Saginaw County the 31" day of July AD 1879 being by virtue of an order of reference heretofore made in this Cause. Present B L Rausford Solr. for the Complainant.

      State of Michigan
      Saginaw County

      Anton Hoerner a witness produced and sworn on part of the complainant says. Am forty-three years of age and reside in the City of East Saginaw am acquainted with the parties to this suit. Also know of their being married was present at their wedding. The marriage took place at the house of Henry Bader in this City and the ceremony was performed by Conrad Volz an acting Minister of the Gospel. This occurred on May 27th 1877. The complt and defdt then went to living at my house as husband and wife. I am the brother in Law to the Complt. They lived at my house about two months. Defdt during this time worked as a butcher for several parties in this City. Complainant is now and was before her marriage with defendant an honest and hard working woman Always earned her own living. While the parties lived with me defendant stole the sum of five and 75/100 Dollars out of a drawer. There was 50¢ of a gold piece belonging to my son. A boy five years of age. Defendant spent this 50¢ piece for beer with one Bauer in the City and where I found it and afterwards purchased it of Bauer. My wife informed complt in regard to these transactions - that defendant had stolen this money and that I had traced it up and found it. Complt felt very bad upon hearing of this. While the parties lived at my house Complt received fifty dollars from her mothers estate which she intended to keep for the purpose of buying household goods. She gave this money to the defendant to put into the bank for safe keeping and instead of putting it into the bank he spent it for drink. This also made Complt feel very bad as it was all the money possessed by Either of them. When I learned these things, of his stealing, I ordered defdt to lave my house which he did and they then rented a small house of Mr. Neil McAuliff. went to Keeping house obtaining a few things on credit for which they never paid. The party of whom these articles were bought took them away again after not receiving his pay. Defendant was a strong able bodied man during all this time and perfectly able to support his family. He spent all the money he earned for drink, drinking every day.

      About three months after defendant left my place I heard he was arrested by Mr. Hubert for stealing beef tongue. When Complt heard of this it again made her feel very bad. After this I heard of his stealing at Bay City and he was there confined in Jail for over thirty days. The next I heard of Defdt he was sent to Ionia Prison for one year for stealing a cow and I have understood that he was released from there on the 11th of this month.

      I think that the Conduct of defd to Complt has been extremely cruel making Complts life very miserable. Since that time deft was imprisoned Complt has been working for her living by the week excepting when she has been living with her relatives.

      [signed] Anton Höener

      Sworn and subscribed to before me this 31st day of July A.D. 1879

      [signed] Fred'k Anneke
      Circuit Court Comm.

      November 6 1879.

      Freerick Hubert a witness produced and sworn on part of the Complainant deposes & says I reside in the City of East Saginaw and am 50 years of age and upwards and in the Wholesale meat business know the defendant for about 8 years last past. The defdt had the reputation of being a lazy fellow long since and of late years (since about 3 years) his reputation has been that of a thief. About the month of August 1877 the defendant stole from the yard in rear of my market building several beefs tongues. He took these tongues and afterwards sold them at a Saloon on Lapeer Street in this City. I did not have him arrested, but an officer made a complaint against him & he was arrested. The case did not come to trial. I did not wish to appear as I did not wish the trouble and spend the time in looking after the matter. Zoellner I understand was afterwards discharged by the Justice upon payment of costs. He afterwards admitted that he stole the tongues and clamied to others that he paid me one Dollars to settle the matter. This however was not true.

      [signed] Fridrick Hubert

      Sworn to and subscribed before me this 6" day of November 1879

      [signed] FredK Anneke
      Circuit Court Comm.

      December 12. 1879

      Sophia Hoener being duly sworn deposes and says

      I reside in the City of E Saginaw am 25 years of age. I am the sister of the Complainant Mrs Zellner and have known Mr Zellner the defendant about 4 years. I remember when the parties were married and they then came to live at our house and remained there about 3 months. After they were married Complainant had one hundred Dollars of which said defendant took fifty dollars which he squandered. While the parties lived with us I had stolen out of a beuru in the house a five dollars Canada bill and a 50¢ & 25¢ gold piece. Mr Zellner was in the room where the buru was he got the key unlocked the drawer and took the money out - no one Else could have done it but he. Complainant heard of these transactions and my husband charged defendant with the theft. I heard that Defendant was at one time arrested for stealing at Bay City and also of his stealing from Mr Hubert. He also stole a cow at Tuscola County for which he was sent to the Ionia prison.

      The several acts of defendant made my sister the Complainant feel very badly. Complainant has always worked hard for a living and is now working out by the week.

      I consider the Conduct of Defdt extremely cruel towards my sister. After defendant was sent to Ionia the Complainant was confined had a child. The child was still born caused I think by her waning in regard to Defendants conduct and his having been sent to prison.

      I have heard that defendant has been released from prison and that he had been at E Saginaw but he did not call upon his wife nor have they lived together as husband and wife since the Defendant was sent to Ionia. Since the parties seperated my sister has made my house her home when she was not out at work.

      [signed] Sophia Höener

      Sworn to and subscribed before me this 12" day of December 1879

      [signed] Fred'k Anneke
      Circuit Court Comm.

      A paper here offered and received in evidence and marked Exhibit A

      [signed] FredK Anneke
      Circuit Court Com

      [Attached Exhibit A: Copy of Record of Sentence, Tuscola County, Michigan, committing Conrad Zellner to one year of hard labor in the State House of correction & reformatory at Ionia, for the crime of Larceny; Dated 11 September 1878]

      State of Michigan - Circuit Court for Saginaw County In chancery

      Anna Zellner

      vs

      Conrad Zellner

      To the Hon Circuit Court for the County of Saginaw In chancery

      The above cause having been duly referred to me one of the Circuit Court Comms in and for the County of Saginaw to take proofs thereon and report the same to this Court with all convenient speed together with my opinion thereon. I do respectfully certify and report that I have taken the testimony of witnesses produced before me on the part of the Complainant under oath, have reduced the same to writing, caused said witnesses to subscribe their names thereto and make it a part of this my report. That said Defendant did not appear and no testimony was taken in his behalf and in my opinion the material allegations contained in the Bill of Complaint filed by said Complainant were fully proven and said Complainant is entitled to the relief prayed for in said Bill. All of which is respectfully submitted.

      Dated at East Saginaw Mich Dec 12/79

      [signed] FredK Anneke
      Circuit Court Comm

      [The divorce was granted 22 December 1879.]

      ********************

      After the divorce, Conrad lived in "Colorado and various western states" until 1887, when he moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where he worked as a butcher. He joined the army on January 22, 1887 at St. Louis, and served a five-year tour-of-duty as a Private with Troop H of the 3rd U.S. Cavalry Regiment, ending up at Camp Eagle Pass, Texas, which had been the first U.S. settlement on the Rio Grande. He was the company cook. Conrad re-enlisted for a second five-year term on January 22nd, 1892, and was assigned to the Hospital Corps (perhaps he was already sick at the time of his reenlistment?). The winter of 1891-92 was a harsh one, with bitter cold seeping into the "dilapidated and uncomfortable" barracks. Conrad came down with several respiratory illnesses that winter. Finally, a bout with Tuberculosis in February 1892 badly damaged Conrad's left lung, leaving him severely incapacitated. He was hospitalized at Eagle Pass, and then transferred to another hospital at Fort D. A. Russell, Wyoming, where he was honorably discharged as a disabled veteran on October 27 (or 29), 1892. His age is listed as 33 in his discharge papers.

      While in the service, Conrad was wounded twice, perhaps in conflicts with Indians. One wound, on his left shoulder blade, healed nicely. The other, a bullet wound to the lower left leg, never quite healed; years later, it still continued to drain from time to time. The bullet is described as having entered his leg on one side, going around the bone, and exiting on the other side. He also had a scar of some sort on his forehead.

      Early physical descriptions list Conrad as 5'5" tall with black hair, blue eyes, and a ruddy complexion. After his bout with Tuberculosis, his complexion was always "pale." He is described as having lost weight and strength due to his illness, weighing in at 120 pounds around the time of his discharge.

      On November 1, 1892, Conrad moved to Newark, New Jersey, where he lived with his sister Lisette and her husband Louis for about a year. In order for Conrad to receive his disability pension, Lisette and Louis had to swear in an affidavit that they felt he was genuinely disabled:

      "We are a Sister and Brother in law respectively of Conrad Zellner, But we had not seen him for a period of twenty two years prior to the first day of November 1892 When he came to our home at Newark NJ after his discharge from the U.S. Army, Since the first day of Nov the said Conrad Zellner has been an inmate of our home, We have seen him daily, And we hereby testify that he has suffered continuously from a deep seated chronic cough. That he is totally incapacitated from the performance of any kind of manual Labor. He seems gradually to lose flesh, and strength, And has the general appearance of a man who is suffering with Consumption. We say further that the said Conrad Zellner is a temperate man in every respect. And that this disease is in no wise the result of any vicious habits." Hmmmm....

      Conrad met Lizzie Keller (Elisabeth Antonia Keller) in 1893. Her mother's name was Johanna. Johanna's maiden name is listed as Heller. Conrad and Lizzie were married September 11, 1894 at the First German Reformed Church in Newark. One of the witnesses at the wedding was an Emil Keller.

      After their children Elsie and George were born, Conrad died on December 11, 1900, at age 43 years, 11 months, 10 days. His cause of death is listed as "Pulmonary Phthisis" (Tuberculosis).

  • Sources 
    1. [S142] Michigan, Marriages, 1868-1925.

    2. [S191] U.S. Army Pension Files, Conrad Zellner, XC-969730.

    3. [S264] New Jersey Deaths and Burials, 1720-1988.

    4. [S174] Records of births, marriages, and deaths of New Jersey, 1848-1900.

    5. [S192] U.S. Army, Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914.

    6. [S49] City Directory of East Saginaw, Michigan, 1873-74, 266.

    7. [S8] 1895 New Jersey State Census, Essex, Newark, Ward 3, P2.

    8. [S230] 1898 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Also Harrison and Kearny, 1237.

    9. [S231] 1899 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, Also Harrison and Kearny, 1176.

    10. [S232] 1900 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, 1199.

    11. [S9] 1900 U.S. Census, Population Schedule; NARA Microfilm Publication T623, NJ, Essex Co., Newark, Ward 3, SD2, ED24, Sheet 15B.

    12. [S233] 1901 Holbrook's Newark City Directory, 1270.

    13. [S109] Joan Zellner Scheuermann.

    14. [S174] Records of births, marriages, and deaths of New Jersey, 1848-1900, 324.